--c-primary:#66287f; Templates for naming convention - TSQL, JavaScript, C#, R, Python, Powershell - ktaranov/naming-convention. In computer programming, a naming convention is a set of rules for choosing the character sequence to be used for identifiers which denote variables, types, functions, and other entities in source code and documentation. Generally, there are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve: To know what a selector does, just by looking at its name --c-aux:#d68b00; Colors. Do use singular names for enums. By definition, data attributes are used to store custom data. I do this too, but with the help of an app. I typically use the song titles of the album I am listening to a lot, i find this keeps me more engaged. Poor John, he is unknown that he had broken the codebase . I have heard lots of developers say they hate CSS. buttons: I always go with simple $red, $blue, $dark-green, etc. I add the second layer: with semantic names: $color-primary-default: $flame, $color-text-default: $eerie_black, etc.). Custom properties (sometimes referred to as CSS variables or cascading variables) are entities defined by CSS authors that contain specific values to be reused throughout a document. Using a scale from 10–100 with a tone at each ten is by far the simplest. with this method I can have the autocomplete helping me to remember the names and suggest the good variable. Sipapp.io uses a lot of those color names by default, so I’ve created some custom formatters so I can just cmd+click the colour dock and have it added to my code. Naming Conventions. Less and future CSS variable naming convention. I first give a name to all the colors I use using that tool, for example “$color-cornflower-blue: #6195ED;” and then I create variables like $nav-bg-color: $color-cornflower-blue. The BEM Naming Convention. Somewhere in JavaScript code, there was a relationship with the previous class name, siteNavigation: So the change in the class name the nav variable became null. To help remembering the names I always use go from the more global to the more specific (level 1 : color/size/etc., level 2: primary/accent/warning/etc., level3: default/lighter/etc.) Have you succeeded at writing CSS that uses color variables in a manner agnostic to the colors they represent?I've tried all of the following, and I have yet to succeed at writing CSS that works well with any color scheme. I personally use Chir.ag’s Name that Color utility. I humbly think that CSS Color module level 4 may solve this common problem with the color-mod function, and remove the need for color variables, at least for variations like dark, light, accent, secondary, etc… Some mixins might still be required to make things (shadows, highlights) properly, ie. CSS Naming Conventions. This is a question programmers often discuss. Eg:-. Paragraph “elements” are given unique classes specific to their “block” context: Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. – Light and I keep all of my global variables (usually that also includes @media breakpoints and often general spacing units) in the same place, either at the top of the file if there’s just a single stylesheet or in a variables-specific file. – Text – Alt colors, Then I broke down each type into categories: }. And then I use CSS variables as a theming mechanic: https://github.com/clshortfuse/materialdesignweb, I use this website to name all my SCSS colour variables — http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/. I’ve been using it for years and I LOVE it. 17. The base variables are located in mobi-theme-base. I also prefix variables so I can use my autocomplete tooling in Visual Code to look them up quickly. If there are set guidelines, I have to follow them, but if I’m playing around for myself, I’m using names that are descriptive for me and will remember 6 months from now. -> If you write a lot of JavaScript then writing variables in camel case is a common practice. You cannot modify the names of these CSS variables. 3. lowercase_with_underscores use only lowercase letters, even for acronyms,and separate words with _. I remember the very first time I tried Sass on a project. The related posts above were algorithmically generated and displayed here without any load on our servers at all, thanks to Jetpack. To avoid ‘look-a-like colors’ I use http://www.color-blindness.com/color-name-hue/ with great joy for many years. February 17, 2016 by Jessica Lavoie. – Medium In my experience, this comes as a result of not taking the time to learn CSS. 2. I like to think of my variables file almost as a “class” with public and private properties for colors and sizes. CSS class is formed as block’s or element’s name plus two dashes: .block--mod or .block__elem--mod and .block--color-black with .block--color-red. You should think about organizing your variable names (and project for that matter) modularly. For colors, I’ll typically really only use brand/theme-related colors, a palette of grays, and status colors (like success, warning, danger, info). My color definitions would look something like this: I generaly strike to be as abstract as i can because lets say we ha a variable called $red: red. The Block, Element, Modifier methodology (commonly referred to as BEM) is a popular naming convention for classes in HTML and CSS. I’m using variables in this way. CSS variables. Basic Sass/SCSS Syntax & Conventions Tutorial. the warm color for a warning), sometimes you just want whatever the accent color is. Define meaningful color names – they should either come from an online color pallette eg. When working with CSS preprocessors like Sass, Less (or any other programming language for that matter) you're going be leveraging the power of variables. Here’s one project for that, and here’s another: See the Pen Color Namer by Maneesh (@maneeshc) on CodePen. Over time, this file grows until you end up with a mess. In CSS there we … CSS and LESS variables are set to follow a naming logic, going from repeating property to application usage to possible modifier or in short property-application[--modifier]. C# naming conventions are an important part of C# coding standards and best practice when you are developing a .NET applications. To illustrate by way of example, take a look at Example 1 which uses a presentational naming convention.Example 1: A presentational layout. The second is the one I’ll use over all my css. $grey-l20 should be hsl(0, 2%, 20%), of cause so token($btn, fill) would resolve to #00f given the following maps: And all it takes to set up a theme is to declare a duplicate structure (or however much of it is needed) in some preceding custom theme file, wherever that may be, and in the base theme file do this instead: I use name-that-color by Chirag Mehta and it’s absolutely golden. I’ve generally stuck to themes (typically fruit) butI really like the idea appending the actual color on there — hadn’t considered that. For example: Variable and function names written as camelCase; Global variables written in UPPERCASE (We don't, but it's quite common); Constants (like PI) written in UPPERCASE; Should you use hyp-hens, camelCase, or under_scores in variable names?. Oracle JET also uses SCSS variables to default some component options, such as the oj-button chroming option. It’s my current project, WIP stuff. One way to mitigate such bugs is to use a js-* class name to denote a relationship with the DOM element in question. We are currently missing a naming convention for Less and somewhen future CSS variables (custom properties). Customers can create their own CSS variables in compliance with this naming convention. The web community has also developed various tools and approaches that can help you to manage larger CSS projects. 2. lowerCamelCase names capitalize the first letter of each word, exceptthe first which is always lowercase, even if it’s an acronym. https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=reneroth.colornamify-code. Creating CSS variables. # CSS Rules # CSS Naming convention. .NET naming conventions are standards how the naming of variables, methods, classes, and other code elements should be defined. Hope this article is helpful for you. The :root selector matches the document's root element. In this case my “private” colors that I only use within my variables file would be a one-to-one for a named color and a hex code, like. Naming Convention. It's time to agree on and implement a CSS/Less variable naming convention. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. What I’m exploring right now is a mix of multiple naming schemes. This quickly becomes aggravating in a large project. I’ve largely stuck with that just-use-color-names approach today in Sass. The problem is that this type of naming is not well-suited to CSS. Geoff does that and John Carroll lists that here: That can get as verbose as you need it to, even adding variations as you call from the palette. Naming convention. For example size variables @size-small. – Text: Colors to support typography Naming. This is a pretty standard CSS naming convention. Sorry not sure if it was out of the box functionality or if it was a Sass plugin I installed. Blue being blue, red being red, and grey being light-grey… or medium-grey. This is a question programmers often discuss. Now, it's easy to change the value of $yellow-green everywhere. CSS variables have been a long-awaited feature of the web platform. Several years ago I designed enterprise color framework to be used for all our applications. Mobi.css use the future's CSS syntax --variable-name to declare css variables, and use cssnext to compile it. Now if the brand identity changed to blue we would have $red: blue. So, I tried to make my colors semantic, in a sense — what they represent not what they literally are: But I found that I absolutely never remembered them and had to constantly refer to where I defined them in order to use them. Variables are generally used for one property, like font-size, there are very few variables that are able to be used in different contexts. Same goes for “leading text” etc. This has nothing to do with name convention but will save your time too. The variable naming conventions in the above example imply the following to the reader. You can watch my latest video where I use them to give color on the website I’m creating https://youtu.be/qS2iNHQ1kZA. CSS itself doesn't have much in the way of in-built organisation, therefore you need to do the work to create consistency and rules around how you write CSS. But I also use the material colors like “green-500”. That way if I ever need need to update a color, I update it in a single location, on a single variables file. Gave up on naming colors after reading David Walsh’s post: https://davidwalsh.name/sass-color-variables-dont-suck. 1. This approach prove itself to be very flexible and time saving on large projects. – Strokes Naming conventions ultimately come down to personal preference, but you have to imagine that someone at some point will be looking at your work so it needs to be “legible”. As the shift toward CSS custom properties happens, I think having a --c-orange and --c-gray-5 is similarly appropriate. Implementing these color-name-variables I use the same tactic as Emma does. This is a pretty standard CSS naming convention. Index the Contents of Your Stylesheets. We do support light and dark color themes and the color framework worked out quite well. For brand colors I use the folowing: $color-brand-1st, $color-brand-2nd, etc… When there are lighter and darker variants of color I just put -light or -dark. Exception: bit field enums. I could also see that being nice for tints or shades of the same color, but then why not regular numbers? Poorly written CSS will quickly turn into a nightmare. There are two main approaches: the semantic approach and the non-semantic approach. – http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/#6195ED or from brand guidelines eg. CSS variables (a.k.a. $toyota-red: #fc0000; Map meaningful names to actual implementations: It’s a simple approach, but proxying implementation colors to our defined colors means we can change the implementation without breaking or renaming the actual colors, just be sure to not use the meaningful colors directly. ... By naming your variables in … Here’s what I mean: I like this because I pull partials from project to project while changing the brand colors. The primary purpose of the naming convention is to give names meaning so that they are as informative as possible for the developer. They are set using custom property notation (e.g., --main-color: black;) and are accessed using the var () function (e.g., color: var (--main-color); ). http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/. So, I define variables like –color-green, –color-red etc, and then alias them, like –color-accent: var(–color-red); etc. So everything can change easily. We strictly follow BEMs for naming SCSS modifiers and CSS classes. This is a great way to provide a snapshot of what’s in the … As Phil Karton says, “there are only two hard things in Computer Science: cache invalidation and naming things.” So spending a whole chapter talking about naming is essential. It's also simple to locate the places where $yellow-greenis used by searching for it. Sass placeholders are deliberately omitted from this list since they can be considered as regular CSS selectors, thus following the same naming pattern as classes. The same BEM entity always has the same name in all technologies (CSS, JavaScript, and HTML). But this tends to bite me right after I do this, especially when the project is just starting. And a VS Code extension: __--modifier For example: ... CSS Variables Naming convention; variable name for BLOCK var(--input-width); I never have much trouble coming up with variable names for colors in my css, I use the same principle in every project. CSS class names should use a standard naming convention (personally use kebab-case because it's used by most of the CSS framework classes) … The name of a BEM entity is unique. – Lines 1. Naming Conventions. I also use this website (have done so for the past 4-ish years). It's simpler, specifically in big projects with many CSS/LESS files to have single usage variables, even though that might result in a larger variables definition file. Regarding variables, functions and mixins, we stick to something very CSS-y: lowercase hyphen-delimited, and above all meaningful. Which is confusing. Namespacing like $-c-orange is probably an easier approach if you need to do anything at all. Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. Pretty much this. I started to use on this way, but sometimes just get too long =(, :root{ --c-text-secundary:#656565; – Strong For example, when I define “accent”, I don’t want to know whether it is yellow, green or blue. As the shift toward CSS custom properties happens, I think having a --c-orange and --c-gray-5 is similarly appropriate. So, there were some mistakes. The first layer goal is to give a more human freindly name to colors and lets you use them as basis. Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. A purple-10 will understandably be the lighter tone in comparison to a purple-50. What naming scheme do you use for color variables? It’s easier to navigate, for me, and when i need to change a color slightly, i change the values. – Generic: Generic colors, And finally I’ve introduced gradients for each category I try never to use colournames or positions. Thanks for the great article! – Fills I just named a color variable $cornflower yesterday. Variables. And the CSS class names should match slot's names. I very often try to keep names semantic. One thing that has helped me recently is Visual Studio Code’s Intellisense of A) telling me the value of a sass variable when I hover over it and B) suggesting variable names as I start to type them. , /* This is called BEM naming convention. The idea was quite simple, color names should not refer to a specific color or UI element. Let's say you have the following CSS: If you decide to use a different color than #b0eb00, you have to change it in multiple places. That way I can set –primaryColor for an entire section or page or site but still have clearly named values associated with it, and it makes it easy to change the –primaryColor in an intuitive way. If people use the rel attribute, then it's perhaps okay to use data attributes in certain cases. Naming conventions in code are ca l led Identifier Naming Convention and are well known by most software engineers for a long time. There is even a Sublime Text plugin for converting them (to whatever syntax you want): Sarah Drasner is a heck of a designer, and has a wonderful course called Design for Developers over on Frontend Masters where you'll learn to be a self-sufficient designer. Global variables can be accessed/used through the entire document, while local variables can be used only inside the selector where it is declared. You might get a kick out of what to call a sunny yellow versus a sunflower yellow, or you might just want some help. Huge benefit of this is to allow use of defaults and graceful failure for undefined values and a self-documenting cascade. AWS Amplify - the fastest, easiest way to develop mobile and web apps that scale. The first thing I wanted to do was variablize my colors. To be semantic, you should be able to reference either. When i need to radically change the color, i switch the variable in the attributes. By the way, Microsoft introduced something very similar for their UWP apps – https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/uwp/design/controls-and-patterns/xaml-theme-resources#the-xaml-color-ramp-and-theme-dependent-brushes, Seeing how naming things is hard, I’ve created a npm library for this: I feel like I went through the same journey of color variable naming as you described in the beginning of your article. I don’t actually reference any colour directly in my actual css. CSS isn’t the prettiest ‘language,’ but it has successfully powered the styling of the web for over 20 years now. Nearly 92% of people worldwide use a browser that supports them, so it's about time we finally start using them with confidence. In this tutorial we learn the basics of Sass and SCSS and the key differences in their syntax when defining scope and terminating statements. Reasons for using a naming convention include the following: To reduce the effort needed to read and understand source code; To enable code reviews to focus on more important … I’ve been doing it like this for years (firstly with LESS, and now with SASS): Then consume base colors at component level – e.g. Identifiers come in three flavors in Dart. He is handed over an HTML code that looks like this. and $color-secondary: $grey-l16. The plugIn generates the names of the colors. Best flexibility you can get. I just want to know that this is the color used for accents. So here is my latest post, I'll tell you about a few naming conventions that will save you a bit of stress and countless hours down the line. However, as you write more CSS, you quickly see one big downside. It is darn difficult to maintain CSS. Naming conventions like BEM (“Block__Element—Modifier”) are used to ensure that each paragraph is “scoped” to only one parent, avoiding the cascade entirely. canvas is a canvas object, perhaps one explicitly derived from something like Canvas, which is information possibly not otherwise easy to deduce from the code. First of all: CSS variables can have a global or local scope. The CSS variables used in templates are created by EasyVista. Ha! Each palette is defined in XML file and converted into corresponding *.scss file during project build. So he goes ahead and refractors like the codebase like so. I try to have a maximum of 5 color variants per color. Spaces in complicated modifiers are replaced by dash. Time will show how this will do, but so far it seems better than picking an individual naming scheme. -> You don't need to write a comment to say color: red; will give the color as red. But, if you're using a CSS trick that is less obvious, feel free to write comment. :root { -c-orange: #F060D6; -c-red: #BB532E; -c-blue: #4C9FEB; -c-gray-1: #eee; -c-gray-2: #ccc; -c-gray-3: #555; } Variable Naming Convention The SCSS variables that Oracle JET uses to generate the application use the same naming convention and are grouped together according to function. Always use the same naming convention for all your code. – Contrast: Dark colors for all high contrast elements CSS-Tricks is created by Chris and a team of swell people. */, UI/UX Inspirations from these epic websites, To know what selector does, just by looking at its name, To have an idea where selector can be used by just looking at it, To know the relationships between class names, just by looking at them. I found that to be much more intuitive with little if any negative side effects. :). There are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve – Base --c-text-primary:#ffffff; --c-secundary:#00c5cd; custom properties) are now supported in most browsers. UpperCamelCasenames capitalize the first letter of each word, includingthe first. Every tim… Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. low numbers are smaller screens, big numbers are bigger screens). But I don’t use the same values. This isn't right. Opps, just saw your comment after adding my own. However, if you spontaneously create your variable names as you code, the odds are your naming convention will lack cohesiveness. I’ve largely stuck with that just-use-color-names approach today in Sass. For more detail, please checkout cssnext features. – Basic: Most of the UI elements are using these colors So I broke down colors into several meaningful types: – Accent: Colors for CTA elements So I ended up with some sort of hierarchical namespace for the whole palette. ... Why: generally accepted practice that prevents the need to hunt for variable declarations. If you have important information to share, please, adding variations as you call from the palette, https://davidwalsh.name/sass-color-variables-dont-suck, http://www.color-blindness.com/color-name-hue/, http://chir.ag/projects/name-that-color/#6195ED, https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/uwp/design/controls-and-patterns/xaml-theme-resources#the-xaml-color-ramp-and-theme-dependent-brushes, https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=reneroth.colornamify-code. Re: defaults: if a value isn’t defined, but the rest of the path is valid, it’ll look for a ‘default’ key, even halfway through the path. It’s better for the to reflect it what it is than what it looks like. Modifier names may consist of Latin letters, digits, dashes and underscores. Another benefit is the same color naming in sketch and css. John realizes this may not be the best way to name things in CSS. Sometimes you want a specific color (e.g. https://github.com/ment-mx/Prism Thanks For Reading. Naming is the most important aspect of writing maintainable CSS. --c-text-secundary-light:#cccccc; You could get a little more specific with those names with staying abstract, like Marcus Ortense says: And variations on each base like Mike Street says: Silvestar Bistrović recently wrote about using abstract Greek numbering: I’ve used that kind of thing for media query breakpoints before, as the numbering seems to make sense there (i.e. Stuart Robson even gets a bit BEM-y with the names, including the namespace: Material Design uses values that are similar to font-weight! Another approach I’ve often seen is to combine named colors with abstracted names. I use the rgb values to use custom opacity. There are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve. --c-primary-dark:#270036; I also use this technique. ☹️. This comment thread is closed. Later, in a “screw it” moment, I named colors more like…. This way I only need to configure colors in one place rather than following my compiler errors all over the place. We are using the sketch plugIn prism to generate color names. All variables need to be named as --rule-element-modifier. As a convention, anyone who sees the .js-site-navigation class name would understand that there is relationship with that DOM element in the JavaScript code. – Subtle. Having worked on the AngularJS Material team, I’m partial to Primary, Accent, and Warn. Don't forget to get daily.dev extension. In a similar fashion, I’ve tried keeping colors within a Sass map, like: But the only vague goal there was to clean up the global namespace, which probably isn’t worth the hassle of needing to map-get all the time. lowering saturation when rising brightness, and vice-versa. ntimes is an integer number of times to draw something. Then I use those named colors to define my “public” variables, like: This way I could re-theme my whole app if need be (or to a lesser degree, re-color an element type) and not have to worry about either a color name not matching its hex, or having to change all my instances of $shamrock to $spruce throughout many files. Behind them. For example: Variable and function names written as camelCase; Global variables written in UPPERCASE (We don't, but it's quite common); Constants (like PI) written in UPPERCASE; Should you use hyp-hens, camelCase, or under_scores in variable names?. As they may be helpful for you to investigate, and you are likely to come across these things when working with other people, we've included a short guide to some of these. Have you ever seen class names written like this: Today is John's first day at work. I use both color names as variables, and UI color configuration variables. We cover how to comment our code and enhance its readability, naming rules and conventions, brace conventions and keywords with special meaning. Call me old fashioned, but I like to call my colours after the names of my colours. That means you’d end up with something like a base range plus alternates: How might you pick names for colors? After all, this isn’t crossing the HTML-CSS boundary here; this is all within CSS and developer-only-facing, which puts more of a narrow scope on the problem. Always use the same naming convention for all your code. I have tried many different approaches to naming conventions and found that the following works fine. This also helps me with theme swipping or color changes over the app/site. Sometimes I do break this rule and name those variables with color names. I struggled with naming color variables for years – since I discovered named+abstract colors I never looked back. Namespacing like $-c-orange is probably an easier approach if you need to do anything at all. As you accumulate color variables, you may decide to stick them in in their own file. It definitely depends on the project I’m working on. https://github.com/reneroth/colornamify We already have conventions for PHP variables or JavaScript variables. The name of each variable complies with a naming convention that indicates its scope and graphic element clearly. From my naming-things-in-HTML skillz, I knew to avoid classes like .header-blue-left-bottom because the color and position of that element might change. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. Maria Antonietta Perna walks you through CSS variables/custom properties, the awesome new technology that adds more flexibility and fun to CSS coding. I name all my colors ( $eerie_black: #0d1321, $mesty_rose: #ffeddf, $flame: #d85922, etc.) So I would reference a component colour through that component’s map, but it would reference the fill map, or the type map, etc., which would ultimately reference a generic colours map, where each value is named according to whatever colour it literally is. Stuart Robson even gets a bit BEM-y with the help of an app name in! Web platform lots of developers say they hate CSS by searching for.. Conventions for PHP variables or JavaScript variables quite well website I ’ ve largely stuck with that approach... To naming conventions are standards how the naming of variables, methods, classes and... Colors in my actual CSS we strictly follow BEMs for naming SCSS modifiers and CSS.... Css/Less variable naming convention the AngularJS Material team, I change the value of yellow-green! A scale from 10–100 with a naming convention for all your code others! Javascript then writing variables in camel case is a mix of multiple naming schemes so the. Posts above were algorithmically generated and displayed here without any load on our servers at all, to. Are an important part of C # naming conventions in the above example the. To default some component options, such as the shift toward CSS custom properties happens I. Long-Awaited feature of the album I am listening to a specific color or UI element handed over HTML! Has nothing to do anything at all may not be the best to. Helping me to remember the very first time I tried Sass on a project allow of... Ntimes is an integer number of times to draw something ( CSS, you decide. Have heard lots of developers say they hate CSS CSS naming conventions try to have a maximum of 5 variants. 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The simplest: root selector matches the document 's root element that CSS naming conventions try to.. … the variable in the … variables little if any negative side effects for! Using a scale from 10–100 with a naming convention and Warn a base range plus alternates: how you! Case is a common practice led Identifier naming convention called BEM naming convention called BEM naming convention called naming... Variable naming as you accumulate color variables we strictly follow BEMs for naming convention called.! Understandably be the lighter tone in comparison to a purple-50 have a maximum of 5 color variants per.! Or if it was a Sass plugIn I installed teams use hyphen delimiters, others... Hierarchical namespace for the past 4-ish years ) way of example, take a look at example 1 uses. And dark color themes and the key differences in their own CSS variables in compliance with this I. In certain cases configure colors in one place rather than following my errors. 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